drone pilot license faa part 107 certificate drone pilot's license

Getting Started with Drones Part 3: Flying drones commercially? How to get a drone pilot license

Missed Part 2? Read more about whether you can legally fly your drone in a specific area right here.

Do you intend to make money off your drone, either directly or indirectly?

Perhaps you’re selling the videos you take of homes to a real estate agent. Maybe you’re a farmer using drones to gather agricultural data. Maybe you post your videos to YouTube for ad revenue.

No matter what your “drone business” is, if you’re using drones for any source of income stream, you must hold a Remote Pilot Certificate, which is essentially a commercial drone pilot license.

You can get that by passing a written test — similar to the permit test you took when you were 15 before getting a driver’s license.

Under the Federal Aviation Administration’s Part 107, anyone wanting to operate a drone commercially needs to obtain a drone pilot license, formerly referred to as a “remote pilot certificate with a small UAS rating.” In order to get that, you will need to pass an in-person written exam., which many people refer to as the “Part 107 test.”

The test, which is a set of 60 multiple choice questions with a single correct response for each one, can be taken at one of the 696 testing centers in the United States.

How (and where) can I take the Part 107 test?

Here’s a list of locations where you can take the aeronautical knowledge test. Applicants need to schedule the testing appointment in advance and bring a government-issued photo ID. Most test centers charge a fee of $150 to take the test.

I created an entire blog post and video explaining what my test experience was like, which you can see here.

How do I study for this Part 107 test?

Unless you already have significant airspace knowledge, the test isn’t going to be easy without having done some work in studying (and possibly taking a full informational course).

So how are you studying? A good friend of mine told me, “I’m going to just study the night before — college style.” Wait, what?! No! Don’t do that!

It’s important that you know the information not to simply pass, but to really know the airspace so you can be a safe pilot. If you’re like me and struggle to absorb information simply by reading, and prefer to take a course — in-person or online — then here’s how I recommend you study for the Part 107 test.

Drone Pilot Ground School:

This is an online test prep course for commercial drone pilots, led by Alan Perlman.

At the end of each lecture you’ll get a 10-question practice quiz, plus a 25 question quiz at the end of each module AND 5 full-length practice tests.

The course has a clean, simple interface — I watched it on my subway rides to work and while on the stair-master at the gym!

Time needed to complete: 10-15 hours

Cost: $299 ($249 with coupon code DroneGirl50)

PLUS: Use Coupon Code DroneGirl50 to get $50 off your Drone Pilot Ground School purchase!

Drone Launch Academy:

This online, self-paced course is taught by instructors with more than 75 years of combined experience in aviation. The course comes with 1 year of unlimited access.

Time needed to complete: 10-15 hours

Cost: $199 ($149 with coupon code DroneGirl50)

PLUS: Use Coupon Code DroneGirl50 to get $50 off your Drone Launch Academy purchase!

UAV Ground School

The UAV Ground School program uses FAA-compliant materials that are presented in an online interactive multimedia format allowing students to learn at their own pace. UAV Ground School is produced in partnership with the nation’s pilot education leader Gold Seal who has prepared over 45,000 private pilots for their FAA knowledge test.

Use UAV Ground School Coupon Code DRONEGIRL to get $25 off your purchase of UAV Ground School. The program is unique in that it has a “Flash Card” function. It also has an infinite number of full practice tests pulled from the full database of over 400 questions. It also allows users to print PDFs of any quiz, either with all the questions (and corrected answers), or filtered just to show the questions missed.

Cost: $199 ($174 with coupon code DRONEGIRL)

PLUS: Use Coupon Code DRONEGIRL to get $25 off your UAV Ground School purchase!

How do I get my drone pilot license if I already have a manned pilot’s license?

For people who already hold a pilot certificate issued under 14 CFR part 61, You simply need to complete the FAA’s online course, which will take you about two hours to complete. Note that you must have completed a flight review within the previous 24 months. Get more information on that process here.

The course is free, and anyone can access it, even if they do not have an existing drone pilot license. The course covers topics that manned pilots wouldn’t necessarily know, such as recommended drone maintenance procedures, effects of weather on drones and emergency procedures.

Once you complete the two-hour online program, you’ll receive a course completion certificate. From there, you can register in the FAA’s IACRA system as an “applicant,” providing your existing pilot’s license information in the application. Your FAA-issued permanent certificate will arrive in the mail within a few weeks.

I’m not flying drones for money. Do I still need a license?

So your drone flying operation falls into the gray area between “commercial” and “recreational.” Perhaps you’re using a drone as a volunteer to take pictures for a non-profit. Maybe you’re in an FPV competition, and there are prices involved, but not necessarily cash. Or what if you’re taking the pictures for free, but someone else will profit from them, such as taking photos of a friend’s house that they will end up putting in a real estate advertisement?

Do you need a drone pilot license? I get a LOT of questions from people in this “grey area.” Here’s what the FAA says.

“Using a sUAS to take photographs for your own personal use would be considered recreational,” according to the FAA’s website. “Using the same device to take photographs or videos for compensation or sale to another individual would be considered a commercial operation.”

Please contact an attorney to get further legal advice.

My drone pilot license is about to expire. How do I renew it?

Much like taking the initial drone test, the recurrent knowledge testing process requires pilots to book a testing appointment at one of around 700 FAA-approved knowledge testing centers across the United States and achieve at least a 70% score to pass.

But the breakdown of topics that remote pilots will be tested on is a bit different. The recurrent test removes questions on weather, loading and performance airmen certification standard. Note that Sectional Charts are still appear on the recertification test.

Read the FAA’s complete outline of the new recertification process here.

How can I see if someone actually has a license with the FAA to fly drones?

You can browse the FAA’s public registry of Part 107-certifed remote pilots here.

In order to browse the database, you will have to start by submitting information about yourself, including your name and address. From there, you can browse all airmen and see whether they are manned or remote pilots.  You’ll be able to see each pilot’s certificate and their rating. If you’re hiring someone to do commercial drone work for you, this is a great place to check if that drone pilot is actually certified. Note that not all pilots who have certificates may show up in your database search. Pilots do have 90 days to opt-out of having their address posted so there is a significant lag in posting, and someone’s legal name may not be the name you know then as when you search them.

Some of the links on this page may be an affiliate link, which means Drone Girl may get a commission for purchases made through some of the above links.  You will not pay more when buying a product through the above links, and you may occasionally receive a lower rate through coupon codes negotiated by Drone Girl on these links.

Read next: Part 4 of Getting Started with Drones: What you need to know about drone insurance